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HOW History

The HOW Study began as a collaboration between Dr. Susan Love Research Foundation and City of Hope. City of Hope ( is a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center known for compassionate care and innovative research. Within City of Hope lies the Beckman Research Institute, which has advanced breakthroughs in scientific discovery for 25 years.

A research team headed by Dr. Leslie Bernstein at the Beckman Research Institute served as experts in the fields of epidemiology and the conduct of cohort studies for HOW. Their collaboration ensured that the HOW Study was and still is able to obtain valuable and useful data. Following their initial assistance in designing the study, analyzing the data, and disseminating the results of our analyses, we continue to answer numerous current and important questions about many aspects of breast cancer.